Genetic diagnostics during pregnancy - chorionic villus sampling, amniocentesis

Invasive prenatal diagnostics – amniocentesis, chorionic villus sampling, umbilical cord puncture

Genetic prenatal diagnostics refers to the examination of the genetic material of an embryo or fetus during pregnancy in order to detect possible genetic abnormalities or diseases.

Invasive prenatal diagnostics is a method in which samples are taken from the womb to examine the genetic material of the fetus. Invasive methods include chorionic villus sampling (removal of tissue from the placenta) and amniocentesis (removal of amniotic fluid from the 15th week of pregnancy). These tests provide detailed genetic information, but may be associated with a small risk of complications such as miscarriage. With our extensive experience after numerous diagnostic and therapeutic punctures, we can minimize the risk. We regularly carry out all common invasive outpatient procedures (chorionic villus sampling and amniocentesis) in Hamburg.

The amniotic fluid sample taken is then analyzed in the laboratory for various parameters, depending on the questions being asked. These include genetic examinations for chromosome defects or genetic defects, tests for infections or examinations of the unborn child’s lung maturity.

There are different types of genetic tests that can be carried out on amniotic fluid. These include:

Karyotyping: This test examines the number and structure of the chromosomes in the amniotic fluid. It can detect chromosomal abnormalities such as Down’s syndrome (trisomy 21), Edwards’ syndrome (trisomy 18) or Pätau’s syndrome (trisomy 13).

Polymerase chain reaction (PCR): This method is used to search for specific genetic mutations or hereditary diseases. For example, it can be used to diagnose cystic fibrosis, sickle cell disease or thalassemia.

Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH): This test can detect chromosomal abnormalities such as Turner syndrome (monosomy X) or Klinefelter syndrome (XXY). It can also be used for certain genetic diseases such as Prader-Willi syndrome or Angelman syndrome.

Array-CGH (Comparative Genomic Hybridization): This method analyzes the entire genome and can detect both numerical and structural chromosomal changes. It can detect very small genome copy number variations as well as microdeletions or duplications.

Genetic syndromes: Whole exome sequencing can help identify genetic syndromes in which multiple body structures or organs are affected, such as Noonan syndrome or Ehlers-Danlos syndrome.

Rare genetic diseases: Whole exome sequencing is often used for people with unclear or rare genetic diseases where other diagnostic methods have been unable to identify a clear cause.

The interpretation of the results often requires additional clinical data and genetic counseling.

What is important to us?

In addition to competent and comprehensive advice and treatment, we attach great importance to customized, individual medicine.

Are you looking for modern genetic diagnostics in Hamburg? Then you have found the right address! If you have any further questions, Dr. Czugalinski will be happy to help you.

We look forward to seeing you!

TOP Frauenarzt in Hamburg
TOP Frauenarzt in Hamburg
TOP Frauenarzt in Hamburg
TOP Frauenarzt in Hamburg

Prenatal diagnostics Maciej P. Czugalinski
Specialist in gynecology and obstetrics
Special obstetrics and perinatology
Ultrasound expert DEGUM level II
FMF London Specialist

All ultrasound examinations in the field of prenatal diagnostics are certified according to the criteria of the following organizations:

Professional association of practicing prenatal physicians
Professional association of practicing prenatal physicians

Prenatal diagnostics

Prenatal diagnostics Hamburg, amniocentesis Hamburg, malformation consultation, DEGUM II Hamburg
Frauenarzt HamburgTOP Frauenarzt in Hamburg

Prevention and vaccinations

Schwangerschaftsbetreuung HamburgTOP Frauenarzt in Hamburg


Pränataldiagnostik Hamburg, DEGUM II Hamburg, USG HamburgTOP Frauenarzt in Hamburg

Prenatal diagnostics - DEGUM II

Behandlung von Kinderwunsch in Hamburg RahlstedtTOP Frauenarzt in Hamburg

Desire to have children

Gynäkologe HamburgTOP Frauenarzt in Hamburg

Gynecology and urogynecology

Hitzewallungen therapie, Menopausenbeschwerden Fraeuanrzt in hamburgTOP Frauenarzt in Hamburg


Pille Hamburg, Spirale Hamburg, Hormonfreie Spirale In Hamburg,TOP Frauenarzt in Hamburg

all about contraception

Pille Hamburg, Spirale Hamburg, Hormonfreie Spirale In Hamburg,TOP Frauenarzt in Hamburg

all about contraception

Wünschultraschall 3d, Ersttrimesterscreening, Mirena HamburgTOP Frauenarzt in Hamburg

Individual health services IGeL